Rotary Exchanger

Heat Recovery Efficiency

The correct efficiency is a subjective decision and depends on the economic calculation and written guidelines, i.e. Ecodesign Commission Regulation (EU) No 1253/2014, on operating data such as energy prices, useful life, running times, temperatures, maintenance costs and interest rates. With regard to (EU) No 1253/2014, profitability and environmental protection the heat recovery efficiency should be no less than 73%.

Dependent on the right conditions heat recovery efficiencies can reach 82%.

Air handling units incorporating thermal wheels are important elements in saving energy in Hotels, Corporate, High End Housing, Sports & Leisure, Education, Offices, Industrial, Data centre and Health.

This investment passes off in several ways:

  • Lower energy consumption
  • Lower investment for heat generation and distribution
  • Less damage to the environment


Rotary heat exchanger air handlers are configured either in a side-by-side or stacked configuration. Rotary heat exchangers are classified as regenerators with rotating carrier. In a counter flow arrangement, the rotating, air permeable storage mass is heated and cooled alternately by heat releasing and heat absorbing air streams. Depending on the air conditions and on the surface of the storage mass also moisture may be transferred in this process. The supply and extract air streams must be adjacent and pass through the heat exchanger simultaneously.

From this process the specific heat output capacity depends on the temperature difference between the two air streams. Hence the rotary heat exchanger is suitable for heat as well as cool recovery, i.e. for winter and summer operation.

Ancillary Items

Air filtration is always present in order to provide clean dust-free air to the building occupants.

Direct heating, placed directly in the air stream, are direct heat exchangers and include those for gas-fired fuel-burning heaters or electric air heater batteries (EAHB).

Indirect Heating and Cooling coils use hot water or steam for heating, and chilled water for cooling. Heat pumps can be used as well. (Prime energy for heating and cooling is provided by central plant).

Humidification is often necessary in colder climates where continuous heating will make the air drier, resulting in uncomfortable air quality and increased static electricity.Various types of humidification may be used as part of our air handler and include evaporative, vaporizer, spray mist and wetted medium.

If dehumidification is required, then the cooling coil is employed to over-cool so that the dew point is reached and condensation occurs. A heater coil placed after the cooling coil re-heats the air to the desired supply temperature and humidity level. This is often used for chilled beam applications.

Intelligent Energy Controls

Either our Intelligent Energy Controls, or the clients BMS, may monitor the return air quality, energy available to recover or CO2 concentration for optimum energy efficiency whilst maintaining desired fresh air requirements. Additionally, when outside air conditions are such, typically mid-season weather conditions, it may be that ambient temperatures are suitable for free cooling purposes.



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